What Happens to Inherited Retirement Accounts? SHP Financial

You may know plenty about the differences between traditional IRAs and Roth IRAs, as well as the risks to your IRAs in this market, but what happens to an IRA (or other retirement account) that still has money in it when its owner passes away?

You may think that the beneficiary just gets all the money in the account, but unfortunately, it’s not that simple. Retirement account funds will be transferred to a beneficiary, but their relationship to the owner is what determines how they can access the money and what they can do with it.

Rules for Spouses

If you inherit your spouse’s retirement accounts, your choices are the most straightforward. You can:

  1. Name yourself the owner of the IRA and treat it as if it is yours
  2. Roll the IRA into your own account, like another IRA or retirement account
  3. Treat yourself as the beneficiary of an inherited IRA

The first two options are only available to spouses, and they are important because they are the only way that someone can continue to contribute to an inherited retirement account. Non-spousal inheritors can never contribute to inherited retirement plans or roll the inherited plans into their own.[1]

Rules for “Eligible Designated Beneficiaries”

If you are not the spouse of the deceased and you are either chronically ill, disabled, a minor child, or not more than 10 years younger than the original owner, then you are considered an Eligible Designated Beneficiary. Your options if you inherit an IRA are as follows:

  • You can receive the inherited IRA and choose to take distributions based on your current life expectancy. Essentially, you will abide by the regular Required Minimum Distribution rules, which currently require withdrawals beginning at age 73.[2]
  • You can recieve the inherited IRA in your name and take distributions over the next 10 years. The entire account must be liquidated by December 31st of the year that marks 10 years after the deceased account holder’s death.[3] For Roth IRAs, this must be done in 5 years.[4]

Rules for “Designated Beneficiaries”

If you do not fall into the previous two categories, you are considered a Designated Beneficiary. Your only option is to receive the inherited IRA in your name and choose to take distributions over 10 years. It is important to note that in some cases, IRAs can be elected and/or required to be distributed in 5 years. This may be the case if the beneficiary is a non-individual such as an estate or trust. If it is a Roth account, you will need to be aware if the original contribution date to ensure all distributions, including gains, are tax free. This is known as the Roth IRA five-year rule, which states that you cannot withdraw earnings tax-free until it has been at least five years since the first contribution. As you can see, each situation is different, and we suggest consulting a financial professional for clarity on this process.[5]

The Takeaway

The most important thing about deciding which options to take here revolves around tax laws. If you want to ensure that your beneficiaries get the most out of your accounts after you are gone, please Click HERE to reach out to us at SHP Financial, and we can guide you through this complex process.


The content presented is for informational purposes only and is not intended as offering financial, tax, or legal advice, and should not be considered a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any security. Some of the informational content presented was prepared and provided by tMedia, LLC, while other content presented may be from outside sources believed to be providing accurate information. Regardless of source no representations or warranties as to the completeness or accuracy of any information presented is implied. tMedia, LLC is not affiliated with the Advisor, Advisor’s RIA, Broker-Dealer, or any state or SEC registered investment advisory firm. Before making any decisions you should consult a tax or legal professional to discuss your personal situation.Investment Advisory Services are offered through SHP Wealth Management LLC., an SEC registered investment advisor. Insurance sales are offered through SHP Financial, LLC. These are separate entities, Matthew Chapman Peck, CFP®, CIMA®, Derek Louis Gregoire, and Keith Winslow Ellis Jr. are independent licensed insurance agents, and Owners/Partners of an insurance agency, SHP Financial, LLC.. In addition, other supervised persons of SHP Wealth Management, LLC. are independent licensed insurance agents of SHP Financial, LLC. No statements made shall constitute tax, legal or accounting advice. You should consult your own legal or tax professional before investing. Both SHP Wealth Management, LLC. and SHP Financial, LLC. will offer clients advice and/or products from each entity. No client is under any obligation to purchase any insurance product.
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